Introduction to Surgical Oncology
Surgeon’s Role in Cancer Care

Surgeon’s Role in Cancer Care


75% of solid tumour patients are referred to Ontario’s regional cancer centres from their surgeon’s office.

Surgery is a form of local treatment for cancer.


The surgeon’s role may vary during course of patient’s cancer:



 tissue procurement

 specific staging procedure

 definitive resection

 cyto-reduction (eg. ovarian)





Surgery and prevention/screening

  • BRCA1 and BRCA2

  • FAP (Familial Adenomatous Polyposis)

  • HNPCC (Hereditary Nonpolyosis Colorectal Cancer)

  • neurofibromatosis, dysplastic nevus syndrome, ulcerative colitis, cryptorchidism

Surgeons also play a role in fostering screening programmes (eg. Pap, breast, prostate, colorectal).